Fertilizer are Mainly of two categories of fertilizers that can be divided into Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers. Organic is given a priority for home gardening or for growing food for human consumption. Whereas, Chemical based fertilizers are a good source of nutrients for foliage-based plants or plants used for decoration or other cultivation purposes.
Some of the commonly known and easily available fertilizers in India are mentioned below.
It is a basic compost by composting organic matter like kitchen waste, cow dunk, or other organic waste materials. It is a great source of nutrition for plants in a balanced form.
Vermicompost is made of the same organic matter as normal compost but instead of getting compost by bacterias, it is digested by worms, and the outcome after worms digestion is known as vermicompost and is a very rich source of nutrition for plants.
Bone meal is processed animal bones and slaughterhouse waste products. Due to being rich in phosphorus and calcium. It is used as an organic fertilizer for plants. It is a slow-release fertilizer, bone meal is primarily used as a source of Calcium.
Mustard Cake is the waste product produced after the production of Mustard Oil. It is an extremely rich source of micronutrients for plants and animals also.
Seaweed Fertilizer is a concentrated fertilizer made of a weed plant found in the sea. It has a complete balance of Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), Potassium (K) in it for the best growth of your plants.
Neem Cake acts as a fertilizer and as a protection against pests for the plant as neem has the ability to protect from pets. It is best to mix Neem Cake Fertilizer while making the Potting Mix for the best results.
Diammonium phosphate (DAP)
Diammonium phosphate is the most common chemical-based fertilizer in the market. DAP is easily soluble in water. It can manufacture with NPK complexes such as 10:26:26, 12:32:16, and 20:20:0. It should be used during the winters as it produces heat in the plant.
Urea is a Nitrogen-based chemical fertilizer with a balance of 50:0:0. The use of urea should be well managed and must be used after a complete knowledge about it.
NPK is a chemical-based, balanced, and water-soluble Fertilizer used mainly as a foliage spray for plants. Wherein, It comes in many combinations like NPK 19:19:19, NPK 20:20:20, Etc.
Triple superphosphate is a highly concentrated phosphorus fertilizer with contents of 46% diphosphorus pentoxide (P2O5). It should be used in a very controlled manner due to its high concentrate value.